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Dr Ekaterina Stepanova

PUBLICATIONS on the Middle East
(in English, unless otherwise noted)

2023 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2012 2011
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 1997-1998


NEW: Stepanova E. Between War and Peace: Peace Processes and Armed Violence (Moscow: IMEMO, 2023). 198 p. (in Russian)

ISBN 978-5-9535-0620-5

Stepanova E. “Ceasefires as a part of war, peace process, or a ‘no peace, no war’ format”, International Trends, vol. 21, no. 1(72) (2023), pp. 43–74 [in Russian].     pdf
DOI: 10.17994/IT.2023.
Scopus; RSCI

Stepanova E., “Foreign Terrorist Fighters from Russia in and after Syria and Iraq: (Trans) National Trends and Threats”, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 46, no. 11 (2023), pp. 2214–2240.
[Online first: 7 June 2021]. DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2021.1923625
WoS, Scopus


Stepanova E., “Russias regional balancing and interests in the Middle East: Benefits, risks and implications for Europe,” Orient: German Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture of the Middle East, vol. 62, no. IV: External actors in MENA (2021), pp. 45–58.


Stepanova E., ISIS and the Phenomenon of Foreign Terrorist Fighters in Syria and Iraq (Moscow: IMEMO, 2020), 198 p., in Russian.
ISBN: 978-5-9535-0583-3
DOI: 10.20542/978-5-9535-0583-3

Stepanova E. (co-author), Fostering a New Security Architecture in the Middle East,
ed. by A.Dessi and S.Colombo (Rome: Instituto Affari Internazionali;
Edizioni Nuova Cultura, 2020), 310 p.          pdf
ISBN: 978-88-3365-350-1

Stepanova E., Russia's Foreign and Security Policy in the Middle East: Entering the 2020s, IAI Papers. 20|16 (Rome: Instituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), 2020), 25 p.    pdf
ISBN: 978-88-9368-136-0


Stepanova E., “Regionalization as the key trend of Russia’s policy on Syria and in the Middle East,” in Russia's Policy in Syria and the Middle East (Inst. for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, George Washington Univ., Jan. 2019), pp. 11-15.
  pdf (chapter)    pdf (full report)


Stepanova E., “Russia and conflicts in the Middle East: regionalisation and implications for the West,” in The International Spectator, vol. 53, no. 4 (2018), pp. 35–57.
DOI: 10.1080/03932729.2018.1507135 ; WoS, Scopus
Read full-text AM version

Stepanova E., “Russias Approach to the Conflict in Libya, the East-West Dimension and the Role of the OSCE,” in Andrea Dessi and Ettore Greco (eds.), The Search for Stability in Libya: OSCE's Role between Internal Obstacles and External Challenges (Rome: Instituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) / Nuova Cultura, 2018), p. 89–111.
   pdf (chapter)    pdf (volume)    ISBN: 978-88-3365-060-9

Stepanova E., "Russias humanitarian role in conflicts in Donbass and Syria (in the context of responsibility to protect)," in Pathways to Peace and Security, no. 1(54), 2018 [Special Issue: Stepanova E. (ed.), Humanitarian Challenges, Humanitarian Support and Human Protection in Armed Conflicts], pp. 129-181, in Russian.   pdf
   DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2018-1-129-181

Stepanova E., Russia's Syria Policy: The Hard Path of Military Disengagement, Program on New Approaches to Research and Security in Eurasia (PONARS Eurasia) Policy Memo no. 511, February 2018 (Washington D.C.: Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University).    pdf    html


Stepanova E. (ed.), Addressing Terrorism, Violent Extremism and Radicalization (Perspectives from Russia and the United States) (Moscow, IMEMO, 2017), 262 p. [Pathways to Peace and Security. no. 1(52): Special Issue, May 2017].
    Contents   Preface   pdf
    ISBN 978-5-9535-0502-4; DOI: 10.20542/978-5-9535-0502-4

Stepanova E., [Russia and the United States in the fight against terrorism: comparative threats and approaches, Syria, Afghanistan, countering violent extremism], in Addressing Terrorism, Violent Extremism and Radicalization, Special Issue of Pathways to Peace and Security, no. 1(52), 2017], pp. 13–54, in Russian. DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2017-1-13-54


Stepanova E., How and Why the United States and Russia Can Cooperate on Terrorism, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 450, November 2016 (Washington D.C.: Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University).   pdf   html

Stepanova E., “Regionalization of violent jihadism and beyond: the case of Daesh,” in Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society, vol. 2? no. 2: Religious Fundamentalism (2016), pp. 30–55.   pdf
DOI: 10.14220/jrat.2016.2.2.30

Stepanova E., Russia in the Middle East: Back to a Grand Strategy or Enforcing Multilateralism? Politique étrangère, no. 2, Summer 2016, p. 23-35.   pdf    html

Stepanova E., “La Russie a-t-elle une "grande stratégie" au Moyen Orient?”, Politique étrangère, no. 2, Été 2016, p. 23-35, in French.  pdf   html

Stepanova E., Russia's Policy on Syria after the Start of Military Engagement, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 421, February 2016 (Washington D.C.: Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University).   pdf    html
   see also in Russian.


Stepanova E., Les Russes et lÉtat islamique: politique étrangère et facteurs internes, in Outre-Terre: Revue européenne de géopolitique, no. 44 (3), 2015, pp. 80-94, in French.

Stepanova E., The "Islamic State" as a Security Problem for Russia: the Nature and Scale of the Threat, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 393, October 2015 (Washington D.C.: Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University).   pdf    html
   see also in Russian.

Stepanova E., North Caucasus a Wall Against or a Bridge for "Islamic State"? Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) Analysis, 3 July 2015.


Stepanova E., “Transnational Islamist terrorism: network fragmentation and bottom-up regionalization,” in Global Terrorism Index 2014: Measuring and Understanding the Impact of Terrorism (Sydney, New York, London: Institute of Economics & Peace, Nov. 2014), pp. 74–78.

Stepanova E., [ISIS and transnational Islamist terrorism], in Puti k miru i bezopasnosti [Pathways to Peace and Security], no. 2(47) (Dec. 2014), pp. 13–27; in Russian.

Stepanova E., [The main trends in contemporary terrorism: regionalization of armed radical Islamist movements (the case of ISIS)], in Security Index, vol. 20, no. 4(111) (Winter 2014), pp. 49–58; in Russian.


Stepanova E. [The armed conflict in Syria and Russia's policy], in Puti k miru i bezopasnosti [Pathways to Peace and Security], no. 2(43) (November 2012), pp. 7-25, in Russian.

Stepanova E. “La política de Rusia en Oriente Medio ante la primavera árabe,” Javier Morales (comp.), Rusia en la sociedad internacional (Madrid: Unidad de Investigación sobre Seguridad y Cooperación Internacional (UNISCI), 2012), pp. 171-203, in Spanish.

Stepanova E. The Syrian Civil War: Transition Without Intervention?, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 228, September 2012 (Washington D.C.: The Institute for European, Russian & Eurasian Studies, George Washington University)
   see also in Russian.

Stepanova E. “Why the world prefers to wait on Syria,” in The Moscow Times, 2 July 2012.

Stepanova E. “The Syria crisis and the making of Russias foreign policy,” PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 199, in Dividing Lines in Russian Politics and Foreign Policy (Washington D.C.: The Institute for European, Russian & Eurasian Studies, George Washington Univ., 2012), pp. 40–45;
   see also in Russian.

Stepanova E. “Future trends in violent threats to security,” in Global Strategic Developments: A Futuristic Vision (Abu Dhabi: The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR), 2012), pp. 167–193.
   See also in Arabic: Stepanova E. “Al-ittijahad al-mustakbaliyya lit-tahdidad al'-amniyya al'-anifa”, in At-tatavvurat al-istratigiyya al-alamiyya: ruja istishrafiyya (Abu Dhabi: ECSSR, 2012), pp. 195–225.

Stepanova E. Russias policy on the Syria crisis: sources and implications, in International Affairs at LSE, 12 March 2012.


Stepanova E.Stepanova E. The Role of Information Communication Technologies in the Arab Spring: Implications Beyond the Region, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 159, May 2011.

Stepanova . [The Arab revolutions: on dialectics of causes and consequences], in Puti k bezopasnosti [Pathways to Security], no. 40-41 (Moscow: IMEMO, 2011), pp. 40–48, in Russian.


Stepanova E., “Trends in armed conflicts: one-sided violence against civilians,” in SIPRI Yearbook 2009: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 39–68.
    See also in Arabic: Stepanova E., “Ittijahad fi assiraat al'-musallyaha: al'-unf min janib vahid dydda al-madaniyyi”, Al-kitab assanavi 2009: At-tasalluh wa naz'a as-silyah wa al-ami ad-dauli (Beirut: Centre for Arab Unity Studies (CAUS), 2009), pp. 87–124.

Stepanova E., Iran and Afghanistan: Cross Border Security Challenges, Conflict Management, and Iran-U.S. Relations, PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 56, May 2009 (Washington D.C.: Georgetown Univ. Eurasia Strategy Program).


Stepanova E., Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict: Ideological and Structural Aspects
(Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), 200 p.

Stepanova E., “Islamist terrorism as a threat to Europe: the scope and limits of the challenge,” in Demet Ulusoy (ed.), Political Violence, Organised Crime, Terrorism and Youth, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series: Human and Societal Dynamics, vol. 46 (Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2008), pp. 141–158.

Stepanova E., “Radicalization of Muslim immigrants in Europe and Russia: beyond terrorism,” PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo no. 29, in PONARS Eurasia Policy Conference, 12 September 2008 (Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Eurasia Strategy Project, 2008), pp. 111–115.

See sections III (Iraq) and IV (Sudan), pp. 46-63, in Stepanova E., “Trends in Armed Conflicts,” in SIPRI Yearbook 2008: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 44–71;
    See also in Arabic: Stepanova E., “Ittidjahad fi assiraat al'-musallyaha”, Al-kitab assanavi 2008: At-tasalluh wa naz'a as-silyah wa al-ami ad-dauli (Beirut: CAUS, 2008), pp. 97–135.

See sections "Russia's policy on Kosovo and Iraq in the 1990s"; "Russia and the war in Iraq" (pp. 102-111), in Stepanova E., “Cultures of solidarity and national interest: Russia's conflict management policies,” in Jean-Marc Coicaud and Nicholas J. Wheeler (eds.), National Interest and International Solidarity: Particular and Universal Ethics in International Life (Tokyo: United Nations University (UNU) Press, 2008), pp. 87–119.

Stepanova E., “At-tatarruf ad-dinij wa al-kawmiyya ar-radikaliyya aidiologijatan lil’unf al-musallyah al-lemutanazir” [Religious extremism and radical nationalism as ideologies of asymmetrical armed violence], in Al-hewar al-kawmij al-islami [National – Islamic Dialogue] (Beirut: Centre for Arab Unity Studies (CAUS), 2008), pp. 679–689, in Arabic; download contents.


Stepanova E., “Islamist terrorism today: global and regional levels,” in Security Index [Routledge], vol. 13, no. 1(81) (Spring 2007), pp. 79–94.

Stepanova E., [Russia’s humanitarian potential and post-conflict reconstruction], in Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnyie otnoshenija [World Economy and International Relations], no. 5 (May 2007), pp. 65–78, in Russian.

Stepanova E., [Specifics of the financing of transnational Islamist networks in the context of the fight against international terrorism], in [Disarmament and Security 2004-2005: New Approaches to International Security], (Moscow: Nauka, 2007), pp. 145–159, in Russian.


Stepanova E., “Iraq and world order: a Russian perspective,” in Ramesh Thakur and Waneguru Pal Singh Sidhu (eds.), The Iraq Crisis and World Order: Structural, Institutional and Normative Challenges (Tokyo: UNU Press, 2006), pp. 249–264.

Stepanova E., “Russia’s Middle East policy: old divisions or new?” PONARS Policy Memo no. 429, in PONARS Policy Conference, 8 December 2006 (Washington D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 2006), pp. 109–113.

Stepanova E., “Terrorism as a tactics of spoilers in peace processes,” in Edward Newmann and Oliver Richards (eds.), Challenges to Peacebuilding: Managing Spoilers During Conflict Resolution (Tokyo: UNU Press, 2006), pp. 78–104.

Stepanova E., [Organizational forms of global jihad], in Mezhdunarodnyje protsessy [International Processes], vol. 4, no. 1(10), (Jan.–Apr. 2006), pp. 95–104, in Russian.


Stepanova E., [Supression of terrorism financing], in Mezhdunarodnyje protsessy [International Processes], vol. 3, no. 2(8), (May–Aug. 2005), pp. 66–73, in Russian.


Stepanova E., “War and peace building,” in The Washington Quarterly (Special Issue: What Did 9/11 Change?), vol. 27, no. 4 (Autumn 2004), pp. 127–136.

Stepanova E., “International peace-building and radical Islamic organisations in war-torn areas: beyond terrorism,” in The Failure of Political Islam, Human Rights Conflict Prevention Center Research Papers [Bihac, Bosnia-Herzegovina], vol. IV, no. 3–4, 2004, pp. 507–527.

Stepanova E., The Challenge of Terrorism in Post-Saddam Iraq: A View from Russia, PONARS Policy Memo no. 325 (Washington D.C.: CSIS, April 2004).


Stepanova E., Anti-Terrorism and Peace-Building During and After Conflict (Stockholm: SIPRI, 2003).
    See also reprint: Stepanova E., “Anti-Terrorism and peace-building during and after conflict,” in Peace Studies: Critical Concepts in Political Science (London: Routledge, 2005), vol. III, pp. 338–389.

Stepanova E., “Postwar Iraq: policy options for Russia,” PONARS Policy Memo no. 322, in PONARS Policy Conference Materials, 12 December 2003 (Washington D.C.: CSIS, Nov. 2003), pp. 209–215.

See section "The unilateral use of force against Iraq" (pp. 181-190), in Stepanova E., “The unilateral and multilateral use of force by the United States,” in David M. Malone and Yuen-Foong Khong (eds.), Unilateralism and U.S. Foreign Policy: International Perspectives (Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner Publ., 2003), pp. 181–200.


Stepanova E., “Russia and the U.S. Policy Toward Iraq: Conflict of Interests and Limits of Dissent, PONARS Policy Memo no. 249, October 2002 (Washington D.C.: CSIS).


Stepanova E., [The impact of the 1991 Persian Gulf War on the theory and practice of the US regional conflict management], in Moscow University Review, no. 3 (1998), pp. 36–56, in Russian.

Stepanova E., [Regional conflict management policy of the Clinton administration], in USA and the World (Moscow State Univ. Press, 1997), pp. 117–133, in Russian.

© 2007—2021, Ekaterina Stepanova